The prime minister of the “just about managing” can no longer manage herselfby Tom Clark / January 8, 2018 / Leave a comment
Under the British constitution, remarkably few powers are formally entrusted to the prime minister. With the cloak of the royal prerogative, they could once start wars, but recent practice has been to consult parliament. They used to be able to call elections on a whim, but under fixed-term legislation they must now ask for MPs’ say so. But then British PMs never really needed any power, but one: the right to hire and fire the Queen’s ministers.
In America, the constitution states all “executive power shall be vested in a President.” Under our cabinet government, by contrast, nearly all legal authority sits with the individual secretaries of state. No matter. Election-winning premiers like Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair have, by virtue of their ability to pick and choose those who sit around the top table with them, been able to develop into elective dictators. In their prime, their colleagues took it as read that if they took serious issue with the boss on any first-order question, then they’d be out on their ear. Which is, of course, what happened to Nigel Lawson over the Exchange-Rate Mechanism, and Robin Cook over Iraq. Thus there was, in the end, almost never any arguing with the boss.