The international response to the Paris attacks and the refugee crisis will be top of the agendaby Andrew Hammond / November 14, 2015 / Leave a comment
Following the terrorist attacks in Paris, the most deadly violence to strike France since World War Two, international leaders are convening on Sunday and Monday for the G20 summit in Turkey. The meeting, whose agenda will now include the attacks and their aftermath, will also focus on the migration crisis in the Middle East and Europe, and could become one of the most important G20 summits since the April 2009 meeting in London during the storm of the international financial crisis.
Presidents and prime ministers will be in attendance from the United States, China (which assumes the G20 chair in 2016), India, Japan, Indonesia, Australia, Russia, Brazil, United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, France, Italy, Germany, Canada, South Korea, Argentina, Mexico, and the European Union (EU). Collectively, these powers account for some 90 per cent of global GDP, 80 per cent of world trade, and around 66 per cent of global population.
The Paris attacks inevitably mean that terrorism and security will move onto the G20 agenda following the multiple tragedies in France, and the declaration by President Francois Hollande of a nation-wide “state of emergency” after “unprecedented” atrocities that have killed at least 120 people, with 87 reported dead at the Bataclan concert venue alone, and some 300 people injured, 80 of them seriously. Given the scale of the tragedy, which Hollande has called an “act of war,” world leaders have already pledged their support to the French authorities who remain on crisis-alert with 1,500 extra military personnel now stationed across Paris.
Eight terrorists are confirmed dead, seven of them by detonating suicide belts, and police are still looking for accomplices. It is reported that a Syrian passport was found with the body of one of these suicide attackers, and Islamic State has declared responsibility for the atrocities, which Hollande said were “planned outside [France], with outside involvement which an investigation will seek to establish”