On 27th January, President Mohamed Morsi declared a “state of emergency” in three of Egypt’s canal cities. The next day, on the two year anniversary of the “day of rage” which saw some of the fiercest fighting of the revolution, the mood was tense. Deadly clashes between protesters and security forces had continued in the week leading up to Morsi’s announcement and showed no sign of letting up. That day, in an internet café in Cairo, I met with eight young Egyptians who used codenames like “Fire-breathing Dragon,” “The Ghost” and “Hohoz.” They were recruiting men in Alexandria and choosing their leaders in Cairo. They were planning an attack.
These men, however, did not belong to one of the mysterious anarchist groups that have appeared in recent months. They were devotees of a new Arabic computer game called Knights of Glory, a “massively multiplayer” online game set in the seventh and eighth centuries during the Arab conquests and made by a company called Falafel Games.
It was the first time most of these fans had met each other outside the game but they descended upon a small row of computers in the Nasr City district like old friends. As they started to play, screens which normally displayed western games like FIFA and World of Warcraft filled with Arabic script. Some gamers, like “Hohoz” (real name: Hani, a computer science student), have been playing Knights of Glory since it was released two years ago. Others, like “The Ghost” (real name: Bassem, employee at an Islami…