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What happened to a 1928 pact to “outlaw war”?

A new book by Oona A Hathaway and Scott J Shapiro explores the history of the internationalists

By Julie McDowall   November 2017

Rt. Hon. W.L. Mackenzie King signing the Multilateral Treaty for the Renunciation of War. Photo: Library and Archives Canada / C-009053

War became illegal in 1928 under the Kellogg–Briand, signed by the US, Germany and France. Given the 20th century’s subsequent bloody history, this might surprise you, as it did some observers at the time. Signed with a foot-long golden fountain pen, the Pact was mocked as “the international equivalent of an air kiss.” Ridicule has since been replaced with indifference. But this new book by Oona Hathaway and…

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