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Moscow’s civilians: the latest victims of Russia’s unfinished war

By Tomas Hirst  

Grozny, Chechnya - rebuilt quickly, but under brutal government

Today’s tragic bombings in Moscow not only offer a stark lesson in the dangers of declaring victory in a “war against terror,” but also illustrate the profound problems associated with nation-building after a conflict.

Last April the Kremlin declared the war with Chechnya over. In May that year Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov, the Russian-sponsored former rebel leader who has been given the task of bringing order to a battle-scarred and brutalised Chechnya, stood side-by-side with a Russian general as they watched a Chechen army parade. Seeing them decked out with new Russian uniforms and assault rifles, it would have been…

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