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Cosmology and evolution

The US physicist Lee Smolin is proposing an extraordinary marriage of physics and biology. He argues that there are many universes and, like the laws of physics themselves, they are all evolving. Smolin has written the most important science book of 1997

By John Gribbin   May 1997

It has become fashionable lately to speculate that science-specifically, physics, the king of sciences-may be coming to an end. Some physicists believe that they are on the brink of finding a “theory of everything,” or TOE, that will describe all of the forces and particles of nature in one equation that could be written on a T-shirt. As ever, the popularisations are trailing some way behind what the scientists themselves are saying. As long ago as 1980, Stephen Hawking gave a lecture entitled “Is the End of Theoretical Physics in Sight?”, in which he suggested that the TOE might be…

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