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How the “hard Brexit” goalposts shifted

The phrase has come to denote a “no deal” outcome, reflecting the fact that Brexit ultras are unappeasable

By Christopher Grey  

Arch-Brexiteer Jacob Rees-Mogg. Jonathan Brady/PA Wire/PA Images

During the referendum, a more or less standard language emerged to describe Brexit: it could be either “soft” or “hard.” The core of soft Brexit was remaining in the single market, generally referred to as the Norway model. The core of hard Brexit was leaving the single market and seeking a Free Trade Agreement with the European Union, generally denoted as the Canada model. A few people were already talking about a WTO Brexit, and geeks identified scores of other…

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