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Does justice exist independently of us, or do we construct it?

The Platonic approach or the Protagorean approach?

By Naomi Goulder  

From Brexit to Donald Trump, dramatic political events over the last few months have shaken confidence in and prompted widespread debate about our democratic processes. Our attitudes often affect the realities they seek to represent—some to self-fulfilling, others self-undermining, effect. Sometimes the only way to leap a hurdle is to convince oneself that one will succeed. Descartes, in his Meditations, suggests that thinking you don’t exist might somehow ensure that you do.

There are two opposing traditions on the nature of justice:…

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