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Keynes is back

Keynes fell from favour because he didn't believe in iron laws that predicted human behaviour. Now he looks prescient

By Robert Skidelsky   November 2008

I have always said that Keynes would live as long as the world needed him. What the world decided, 30 years ago, was that it no longer needed him. The Keynesian revolution had been reduced to a mechanical system for stabilising economies by means of budget surpluses and deficits—more deficits than surpluses, as it turned out, leading to the “stagflationary” crises of the 1970s. Keynes, the theoreticians said, was redundant, having failed to prove that the world needed “Keynesian” policies. The market system was automatically self-correcting; Keynesianism led only to inflation.

And from their point of view, the theoreticians were…

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