Public value must come back into economic thinkingby Fran Boait / April 17, 2018 / Leave a comment
Published in May 2018 issue of Prospect Magazine
Mariana Mazzucato offers an exposé of how value extractors and rent-seekers have been masquerading as value creators in the global economy. And, furthermore, how the conventional wisdom has indulged them in this.
She lays out the long intellectual backstory, describing 200 years of economic thought in which those who simply sought to extract from value-creating activity used to be regarded as parasitic—including by the classical liberal economists such as Adam Smith and David Ricardo. So how did that understanding disappear?
She points the finger at the same neoclassical model that Howard Reed critiques elsewhere in Prospect, which contains two concepts that Mazzucato argues have got us seriously off track. First, marginal utility theory, and with it the idea that price determines value. This obliterates the distinction between value creating and value extracting, because everything just comes down to the price. Second, a picture of the economy as a self-equilibrating system, with competitive mechanisms that mean rent-seeking activities should simply disappear. She tracks how these concepts have undermined our knowledge of what value is, and left us forgetting that its creation is a collective endeavour, dependent on all sorts of things from the education system to the availability of broadband.