In this age of blanket guarantees, I have changed the way I think about savingby Andy Davis / September 12, 2017 / Leave a comment
Published in October 2017 issue of Prospect Magazine
What happens when people stop believing their savings are safe? We glimpsed the answer in 2007, when evening news bulletins led with the sight of savers queuing outside branches of Northern Rock to withdraw their money. They were scared the Rock was bust, although the Bank of England immediately stepped in with about £27bn of emergency support, so there was no danger that they would actually see their deposits evaporate.
The financial crisis had arrived. This epochal convulsion has produced countless legacies among them—thanks in part to the Northern Rock debacle—a much stronger official guarantee that money we entrust to banks is protected against losses.
A couple of weeks after the Bank of England managed to halt the run on Northern Rock, the government moved to reassure all savers their money was safe. The sum guaranteed by deposit insurance increased to £35,000 per account-holder at each banking group where they were a customer. Until then, only the first £2,000 of deposits was guaranteed while the next £33,000 enjoyed 90 per cent coverage.
Lifting the limit to £35,000 sounded reassuring, but in reality it added only £3,300 of deposit protection. A year later in October 2008, as the crisis was entering its darkest phase and world markets plummeted, stronger measures were called for. The deposit guarantee jumped to £50,000, and in 2011 it rose across the European Union to £85,000, the sum that applies today.