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New model welfare

Britain is developing a new Anglo-social model, liberal but social too

By Nick Pearce   May 2005

The British welfare state is changing. Until 1997, Britain sat alongside other Anglo-Saxon countries within the family of “liberal” welfare states of Gosta Esping-Anderson’s famous typology. These welfare regimes, typical of countries such as the US, New Zealand and Australia, favour individualism and markets, with limited social protection (more limited in some than others). Social security payments are focused on those most in need and are aimed at preventing abject poverty rather than providing a decent standard of living. Flexible, lightly regulated labour markets create a large low-wage service sector. This has enabled them to have high employment rates, low…

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