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Fukuyama: the end of history man

John Gray talks to the best-selling author about mobility, democracy and the breakdown of communities

By John Gray   December 1995

Francis Fukuyama’s book, The End of History and the Last Man, achieved world-wide celebrity because of its bold claim that with the fall of Soviet communism the institutions of democratic capitalism constituted “the final form of human government”: human history-understood as the history of conflicting ideologies-had ended. Much criticised for its neglect of nationalism, religion and ethnicity as causes of conflict, Fukuyama nevertheless reaffirms his thesis in his new book, Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. In Trust, Fukuyama identifies the cultural sources of differences in economic performance among different types of capitalism. He finds one source…

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