Over the past decade Brazil has become a major player on the world stage. Under President Lula, the country has become an economic powerhouse, whilst its fast-growing military and uranium enrichment programme (currently further ahead than that of Iran), highlight the government’s desire to ensure that Brazil remains a global power. But, as Nathan Shachar reports in this month’s Prospect, Latin America’s largest economy is still crippled by major problems on its own doorstep. That is why this Sunday’s presidential election is so crucial. President Lula—who is stepping down after two terms—is hugely popular and has undoubtedly changed the country for the better, yet he has failed to get Brazil’s widespread corruption, poor infrastructure and lawless slums under control. For his successor, these must be urgent priorities.