In the 60 years since Princess Elizabeth acceded to the throne, Britain has become a better place to live. More people think that than think the opposite (see YouGov’s extensive survey for Prospect, p38); those under 40, and in London and the south, are markedly more cheerful. Those who demur might read, in Simon Jenkins’s panorama (p30), his reminder of past attitudes to women, children and gay rights and to actions now defined as crime. It is easy to forget how much has changed.
True, Britain has lost most of the rest of its empire in that time; its military has shrunk; its population soared, and its countryside become more cluttered. Those have provoked a real sense of loss. As Peter Kellner puts it (p38), the polls paint a picture of a country that is “nervous, and small ‘c’ conservative.” Many cite immigration as its worst feature, the most startling result of the survey. But pride in a tradition of liberty and a culture of tolerance and openness to the world is also loud (p40).
Is that a contradiction? Yes, of a peculiarly British kind. In the national identity, there has long been a tussle between apparently incompatible strands. The worldly individualism that has led to the pre-eminence of the City has always vied with the belief in community that underpins the National Health Service. The independence that (rightly) kept Britain out of the euro has fought with a desire to shape decisions in Brussels and Washington. The creativity and innovation of which many are proud coexists with an inability to devise an education system or a second chamber of parliament appropriate to the modern world.